Suraju Suraju, Saheed Badmus


The guidance of Allah for mankind is contained in the scriptures se t down by Him through the Prophets and Messengers. These scriptures are numerous due to the number of the Prophets. But, the mentioned and prominent ones include Zabur which was given to Prophet Dāwūd, Suhuf which was given to Prophet Ibrahim, Tawrāh which was given to Prophet Musa, Injil which was given to Prophet Isā and the Qur'ān which was given to Prophet Muhammad. However, the most circulated ones in the contemporary world are the Qur’ān and Bible. These two contain direct and indirect information about different issues and concepts. In spite of the similarities in few areas, the points of divergence are substantial. Hence this paper is aimed at examining five out the areas of convergence as well as the areas of divergence of both the Qur’ān and Bible with empirical examples from both scriptures. Conclusion is made to juxtapose their similarities which are due to their divine qualities and their differences which are as a result of the abrogation and interpolation by the people. Thus, the people are encouraged to show due respect to these heavenly scriptures.


Guidance, discourse, qur’ān, similarities

Full Text:



A. Deedat, Is the Bible God’s Word? In “5 in One Ahmed Deedat’s Collections”; Al-Balagh,

A.A. Bilal Philips, Usool at-Tafseer: the Methodology of Quranic Interpretation; Islamic Publishing House, Riyadh, 2005,

A.S. Hornby, Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary of Current English; Oxford University press, New York, 2005,

According to the world Book Encylopedia (2005), Bible is also known as the Holy Scriptures (see p. 279). However, this is in contrary to the meaning of Scriptures. Scriptures are Religious texts which various religious traditions consider to be sacred or of central importance to their religious tradition (see Religious text, http: //en. m. Wikipedia.Org/wiki/Religious.Text. Retrieved on 5th of February, 2013 ). Based on this, the word scripture is not only for the Bible but also for other Religious texts or books.

Al-Isfahānī Rāghib, Al- Mufradāt fi Gharīb al-Qur'ān; Ashal Matabi, Karachi, 1380 A.H, p. 411. see also, al-Quttān Mannā', Mabāhithu fi 'Ulumi'l –Qur'ān, Maktabatu Wahbah, Cairo, 2007,

As- Sābūnī Muhammad 'Ali, at- Tibyān fi 'Ulumi l-Qur'ān:, Daru-s- Sābūnī, Cairo, 1424 Ah/2003 C.E,

As-Sayūti, Jalālud-Din'Abdur-Rahman, Asbabu-n-Nuzul; Dar-Alghad Al- Gadeed, Egypt, 1430 A.H/2009 C.E, 1st Edition, p. 388; see also Al-Qādī,'Abdul-Fattah, Asbābu-n-Nuzūl 'ani-s-sahābah wal Mufassirin, Darus-salam, Cairo, 8th Editon, 2003

Chronological order of the Books of the Bible; http://ichthys.com/mail-Bible%20chrono.htm-visited on 9th of February, 2013.

D.A. Huston, Questions and Answer about The Doctrine of the oneness of God; http://www.gloriouschurch.com/html/oneness-Questions-And-Answer.asp. retrieved on the 11th of February, 2013

E. Yussuf and G. Miller, Bible compared to Qur’ān; http://www.bibleislam.com/bible vsquran.php. visited on 5th of febuary, 2013

Encyclopedia Americana Corporation, Encyclopedia Americana; Scholastic Library publishing, inc; U.S.A, 2006,

Encyclopedia Americana, … p.647. see also L.A.Knibbs, Twelve Differences Between the Bible and the Qur’ān; …

Faruqi, Y. M. (2015). Role of Muslim Intellectuals in the Development of Scientific Thought. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 3(3), 451-466.

From Hebrew Bible To Christian Bible; http://www.Pbs.Org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/religion/first/scriptures.htm. Visited on 8th February, 2013

Idris, S. (2006), Konsep Pendidikan Muhammad Quthb, Jurnal Mukaddimah, Kopertais Wilayah III Yogyakarta.

Idris, S. (2015), Proposing ”Learning by Conscience” As a New Method of Internalization in Learning: An Application of John Dewey’s Thinking Paradigm, Conference Paper,

Conference: The 3rd International Conference on Educational Research And Practice 2015, At The Everly Hotel, Putra Jaya Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Idris, S., (2005, Muhammad Quthb dan Sistem Pendidikan Nondikotomik, Suluh Press Yogkarta/Buku

Is the Bible word of God? ; http://www.abcislam.net/English%20site/Guidance%20section/Dialogue/Is_the _Bible.htm. visited on the 10th of February, 2013

J. Katz, Qur'ān contradiction, Did the Jews kill prophets who brought a sacrifice devoured by fire; http://www.answering-Islam.org/Qur’ān/contra/inspired-ignorance.html. visited on 9th of February, 2013

King James Version (KJV)of the Bible Luke chapter1;http://www.King James bible online. Org/Luke-chapter-1/. Visited on 8th February, 2013

L.A . Knibbs, Twelve Difference Between the Bible and the Qur’ān; http://www.doctorhakeem.com/Bible – and –Qur'ān/Td. Html. Visited on 5th of February, 2013

List of English Bible Translations; http://en.m.wikipedia. Org/wiki/List-of-English-Bible-translations. Retrieved on 8th February, 2013

M. Asad, The Message of the Qur'ān; The Book Foundation, England, 2003

M. Bucaille, The Bible, The Qur'ān and Science; Islamic Book service,2007,

M. Muhammed Ali, The Holy Qur'ān with English Translation and Commentary, Ahmadiyyah Anjuman Isha'at Islam Lahore inc; U.S.A., 2002,

M. Slick, Contradictions in the Qur’ān; http://carm.org/contradictions-quran. visited on 10th of Febraury, 2013. See also www.answering-islam.org/ Qur’ān/contra/orwww.answering-islam.org/../ashraf.html and some of their refutation in www.islamic-awareness.org/../contrad/

M. Taquid-Din and M. Muhsin Khan, Translation of the meaning of the Noble Qur'ān inthe English Language; King Fahd complex for the printing of the Holy Qur’ān, Madinah, 1430 A.h, part 14,

M.T Usmani, An Approach to the Qur'ānic Sciences, Khitab Bharan, New Delhi, 2006,

Saifullah. (2015). The Internalization of Democratic Values into Education and Their Relevance to Islamic Education Development (Synthetic, Analytic, and Eclectic Implementation of John Dewey’s Thoughts). Advanced Science Letters, 21 (7), pp. 2301- 2304, DOI: 10.1166/asl.2015.6257

Saifullah. (2017). Learning by Conscience as a New Paradigm in Education. Advanced Science Letters, 23, (2), pp. 853-856, DOI: 10.1166/asl.2017.7447

See also world Book inc., The World Book Encylopedia; world Book inc; Chicago, U.S.A. 2005,

T. Raley, A chronological Bible Reading Guide; http://www.ehow.com/m/way-5275777-chronological-bible-reading-guide.html. retrieved on 9th February, 2013.

Tabrani, Z. A., & Masbur, M. (2016). Islamic Perspectives on the Existence of Soul and ITS Influence in Human Learning (A Philosophical Analysis of the Classical and Modern Learning Theories). Jurnal Edukasi: Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling, 1(2), 99-112.

Tabrani. ZA. (2014). Islamic Studies dalam Pendekatan Multidisipliner (Suatu Kajian Gradual Menuju Paradigma Global). Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 2(2), 127-144.

Tan, C. (2015). Educative Tradition and Islamic School in Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 3(3), 417-430.

The Arrangement of verses and chapters in the Qur’ān; http://www.islam-info.ch/en/Arrangement-of-the- Qur’ān.htm. retrived on 10th of February, 2013

The history of the Bible; http:// catholisbasictraining.com/apologetics course texts/i.htm. visited on 7th of February,2013. see also International catholic deaf. Association, Canadian section, The church's Bibles, The Bible's church; http://icdacanada section. Wordpress. Com/discover/the churches-bible-church/.retrieved on 8th of February, 2013

The World Book Encyclopedia; World Book inc…vol.2 p.281. see also, Jewish virtua Library,Chronocles,Bookof;http://www.Jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud-0002-0004-0--4292.html.retrieved on 10th of February, 2013.

Where did the discarded verses come from in the first place? ; http://www.answering-christianity.com/sake6.htm. retrieved on 10th of February, 2013

World Book inc; The world Book Encyclopedia;

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20859/jar.v4i1.124


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Indexed by :

issuu  logo google scholar logo moraref logo moraref ISJD LIPI OAJI Open Archives Initiative UI Factor oa-library    Mendeley Academia Edu

OCLC WorldCat Academic Key Academic Key issuu



This work is licensed under CC BY-SA

© All rights reserved 2014. Ar Raniry, ISSN: 2355-7885, e-ISSN: 2355-813X

View My Stats