INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL NORMS AND SPIRITUAL TENDENCIES TO MORAL CONSIDERATIONS IN RELIGIOUS SCHOOL STUDENTS

Mohd Zailani Mohd Yusoff, Mohamad Khairi Othman

Abstract


The main purpose of this study is to trace information related to the influence of social norms and spiritual tendencies to moral considerations in religious school students. This study aims to identify the influence of the dimensions of Islamic spiritual tendencies and the dimension of social customs to moral considerations based on established schemes. Three measuring tools were used in this study, namely Ujian Skema taakulan Akhlak (UPSTA), Kuesioner Kecenderungan Kerohanian Islam (ISDQ) dan Tes Sikap dan Pegangan Terhadap Standar Prevalensi Sosial (USPSK). The subjects of the study consisted of 500 students who were divided into gender according to the type of religious high school in the state of Kelantan which were randomly selected from Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Agama (SMKA), Maahad Muhammadi (MM), Maahad Tahfiz Al-Quran / Sains (MTAQ / MTS), Sekolah Agama Rakyat (SAR) dan Sekolah Agama Swasta (SAS). This review review uses a quantitative method based on cross-sectional research approach (Cross Sectional). Data were collected from the above three tests and analyzed by using statistical analysis of stepwise multiple regression at significant degree p <0.05. The results of the study show that dimensions of faith and faith play a powerful role in the moral consideration of high school religious students. The findings also show the dimensions of faith, intrinsic dimensions and extrinsic dimensions in the aspect of Islamic spiritual tendency to have significant influence (R² = .465, sig.) On the moral considerations of religious school students. However, the dimensions of human rights within social norms varied only (R² = .017, sig .003) on moral considerations among religious school students in Kelantan. This review provides a fresh understanding of the moral issues of religious secondary school students. The tendency of religious school students on Islamic spiritual aspects plays an important role in determining the quality of their moral considerations.


Keywords


Guidance, discourse, qur’ān, similarities

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdul Halim Mahmud. (1995). Islam dan Akal (Terjemahan oleh Mohd Fakhruddin Abd. Mukti). Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka & Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.

Abdul Kadir Ariffin. (2003). Kesan pendekatan pengalaman penghayatan Islam terhadap pemikiran peringkat tinggi di kalangan pelajar tingkatan dua. Tesis Ijazah Doktor Falsafah, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang. (Tidak Diterbitkan).

Abdul Rahman Md. Aroff. (1999). Pendidikan moral, teori, etika dan amalan moral. Serdang: Penerbit Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Al-Ghazali. (1998). Ihya ulum al-Din. Jakarta: Penerbit Asli.

Aswati Hamzah. (2007). Satu kajian skema taakulan akhlak dalam kalangan pelajar Melayu. Universiti Sains Malaysia.Tesis Doktor Falsafah. (Tidak diterbitkan).

Chin Pek Lian, et al. (2005). Isu-isu masalah disiplin pelajar : pendekatan dan penyelesaian. Seminar pendidikan. Fakulti Pendidikan, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 15 Oktober 2005.

Ernsberger, D. J. (1977). Intrinsic-extrinsic religious identification and level of moral development. Dissertation abstracts international : aection B: the sciences and engineering. 37:6302B.

Ernsberger, D. J. and Manaster, G. J..(1981). Moral development, intrinsic/extrinsic religious orientation and denominational teachings. Genetic Psychology Monographs. 104:23–41.

Gay, L.R. & Airasian, P. (2006). Educational research. Ohio: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.

Getz, I.R. (1985). Moral reasoning, religion and attitudes towards human rights. Doctoral disertation. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis (Unpublished).

Idris, S. (2006), Konsep Pendidikan Muhammad Quthb, Jurnal Mukaddimah, Kopertais Wilayah III Yogyakarta.

Idris, S. (2015), Proposing ”Learning by Conscience” As a New Method of Internalization in Learning: An Application of John Dewey’s Thinking Paradigm, Conference Paper,

Conference: The 3rd International Conference on Educational Research And Practice 2015, At The Everly Hotel, Putra Jaya Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Idris, S., (2005, Muhammad Quthb dan Sistem Pendidikan Nondikotomik, Suluh Press Yogkarta/Buku

Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. (2001). Sukatan pelajaran pendidikan moral. Kuala Lumpur: Pusat Perkembangan Kurikulum.

Kohlberg, L. & Colby, A. (1987). The measurement of moral judgement: theoritical foundations and research validation. 1. Cambridge: Cambrigde University Press.

Kohlberg, L. (1976). Moral stages and moralization: The cognitive – development approach. Dalam T. Lickhona (Ed), Moral development and Behaviour Theory, Research and Social Issues. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston

Kohlberg, L. (1977). The cognitive-development approach to moral education. Dalam Rogers, D. Issues in adolescent psychology. 283-273. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Lewis, M. (2016). Character Education as the Primary Purpose of Schooling for the Future. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 4(2), 137-146.

Narvaez, D., Getz, I., Rest, J.R.,& Thoma, S.J. (1999). Individual moral judgment and cultural ideologies. Developmental Psychology, 35, 478-488.

Nurhasanah, N., & Nida, Q. (2016). Character Building of Students by Guidance and Counseling Teachers Through Guidance and Counseling Services. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 4(1), 65-76.

Pascarella, E.T. & Terenzini, P.T. (1991). How college effects students: Findings and insights from twenty years of research. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Pascarella. E.T. (1997). College’s influence on principled moral reasoning. Educational Record, 47-55.

Piaget, J. (1965). The moral judgement of the child (M. Gabain, Trans.). New York: Free Press.

Pusat Perkembangan Kurikulum. (2001). KBSM : Huraian sukatan pelajaran pendidikan moral – tingkatan empat. (Tidak diterbitkan).

Rest, J.R. & Narvaez, D. (1998b). Guide for DIT-2. Minneapolis, MN: Center for the study of Ethical Development.

Rest, J.R. (1986). Moral development: advances in research and theory. New York: Praeger.

Rest, J.R., (1979). Development in judging moral issues. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Rest, J.R., Narvaez, D., Thoma, S.J. & Bebeau, M.J. (1999). DIT2: devising and testing a revised instrument of moral judgement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 91, 644-659.

Saedah Siraj. (2002). Perancangan pembelajaran pendidikan agama. Ucap utama sub tema-1 persidangan kebangsaan pendidikan agama 2002. Pusat Pengajian Ilmu Pendidikan, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang, 7-9 September 2002.

Saifullah. (2015). The Internalization of Democratic Values into Education and Their Relevance to Islamic Education Development (Synthetic, Analytic, and Eclectic Implementation of John Dewey’s Thoughts). Advanced Science Letters, 21 (7), pp. 2301- 2304, DOI: 10.1166/asl.2015.6257

Saifullah. (2017). Learning by Conscience as a New Paradigm in Education. Advanced Science Letters, 23, (2), pp. 853-856, DOI: 10.1166/asl.2017.7447

Salami, S. (2015). Implementing Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP) in Changing Students’ Behavior: Research Done at Islamic Universities in Aceh. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 3(2), 235-256.

Tabrani, Z. A., & Masbur, M. (2016). Islamic Perspectives on the Existence of Soul and ITS Influence in Human Learning (A Philosophical Analysis of the Classical and Modern Learning Theories). Jurnal Edukasi: Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling, 1(2), 99-112.

Tabrani. ZA. (2014). Islamic Studies dalam Pendekatan Multidisipliner (Suatu Kajian Gradual Menuju Paradigma Global). Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 2(2), 127-144.

Tabrani. ZA. (2014). Isu-Isu Kritis dalam Pendidikan Islam. Jurnal Ilmiah Islam Futura, 13(2), 250-270

Yusoff, M. Z. M., & Hamzah, A. (2015). Direction of Moral Education Teacher To Enrich Character Education. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 3(1), 119-132.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20859/jar.v4i1.123

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexed by :


issuu logo google scholar logo moraref logo moraref ISJD LIPI

OAJI Open Archives Initiative UI Factor oa-library Advanced Sciences Index (ASI) oa-library

CrossRef JournalTocs Mendeley Academia Edu

OCLC WorldCat Academic Key Academic Key issuu issuu

BASE-Search

License

This work is licensed under CC BY-SA

© All rights reserved 2014. Ar Raniry, ISSN: 2355-7885, e-ISSN: 2355-813X

View My Stats